Jewish commentary on book of esther chapter 10

Esther 10 commentary, one of over 110 bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the church of christ, presents a verse level look at the bible. King ahasuerus, laid a tribute upon the land that is, he laid a tax upon every part of his dominions, both on the continent, and on the islands over which his power extended. Classical sources such as josephus, the jewish commentary esther rabbah. Esther this is a hebrew name from the term myrtle bdb 2, from the targums, cf.

Esther is the most secular of the biblical books, making no reference to gods name, to the temple, to prayer, or to distinctive jewish practices such as kashrut keeping kosher. Esther 10 commentary commentary critical and explanatory. She plainly tells the king that haman is the man who designed her ruin and the ruin of all her friends, esther 7. Jewish bible commentaries merrimack valley havurah. The best explanation for their absence, especially the absence of gods name.

The events that the first chapter of the book of esther describes happened. The book of esther described part of the jewish diaspora that stayed behind in persia and did not return to jerusalem during the restoration. They seemed to believe that god would protect his jewish people esther 6. This term is symbolic among the jews for peace and joy zech. Megillah with indepth commentaryside by side version. We come now to the last in our series on the book of esther. Esther s hebrew name may have had a similar sound to the following persian words. And king ahasuerus imposed tribute on the land and on the islands of the sea. Yet the issue of hamans law to annihilate the jews still remained.

The original text of the megillah book of esther with a running commentary culled from the talmud and midrash, the great torah commentators and the chassidic masters. According to one opinion among the sages, this verse describes two stages of mordechais life following the purim miracle. Chapters 9 to 10 contain the resolution of the stories in the book. Here is an instance of esther s obsequiousness t mordecai, that she did not show her people of her kindred, because mordecai had charged her that she should not, esther 2. Esther 10 is the tenth and the final chapter of the book of esther in the hebrew bible or the old testament of the christian bible, the author of the book is unknown and modern scholars have established that the final stage of the hebrew text would have been formed by the second century bce. David guzik commentary on esther 10, where mordecai gets promoted and the glory of the reign of king ahasuerus is recorded. Esther chapter 10 tanakh online torah bible chabad. Book of esther, book of the hebrew bible and the christian old testament. In the jewish bible, esther follows ecclesiastes and lamentations and is read on the festival of purim, which commemorates the rescue of the jews from hamans plottings.

Classical sources such as josephus, the jewish commentary esther rabbah and the christian theologian barhebraeus, as well as the greek septuagint translation of esther, instead identify ahasuerus as either artaxerxes i reigned 465 to 424 bc or artaxerxes ii reigned 404 to. Here is the story of esther through a summary of each of the 10 chapters. Ahasuerusit is now generally agreed among learned men that the ahasuerus mentioned in this episode is the xerxes who figures in grecian history. Esther had not revealed her people or family, for mordecai had charged her not to reveal it.

The author of the book of esther is unknown, though some attribute the work to mordecai. Ahasuerus laid a tribute this passage being an appendix to the history, and improperly separated from the preceding chapter, it might be that the occasion of levying this new impost arose. You, the bible, and the holy spirit are priority in interpretation. Other sources ascribe the book of esther to ezra or nehemiah. Naturally, being a rather unstable fellow, ahasuerus firesslashdivorces her. Her name in hebrew is hadassah bdb 2, which means myrtle 2. Esther free bible commentary in easy english easyenglish bible. He may not always do it in the way we think he should, but the book of esther shows that he is in control even when we dont see him. Yet esther, of all the biblical books outside of the torah, is the only one that addresses the origin of a new festival. While it is always important to understand the context of a particular scripture text, it is especially critical with this one. So in esther chapter 8 we read that many persians meaning gentiles. Mordecai was not second in command for an extended period of time possibly only 8 years, if. Bible study from the book of esther looking at the victory of the jews in the book of esther chapter 9 and 10. The jewish study bible esther introduction oxford biblical.

Now he needs to pick a new queen and eventually manages to select esther a comely, young secretly jewish woman who is a part of his harem. The book of esther describes the jewish heroine esther, who saved the jewish people in persia from annihilation during the reign of king xerxes i ahasuerus of persia, who ruled from 486 to 465 bc. The following study explores what really happened to esther. Esther is, among the generality of jews, the best known of all the books of the bible p. Esther in ancient jewish thought, aaron koller, 2014. The king thereupon gave orders for the hanging of haman upon the gallows that he had prepared for mordecai, which was done accordingly, esther 7. According to the book of esther and its commentaries. Ahasuerus laid a tribute this passage being an appendix to the history, and improperly separated from the preceding chapter, it might be that the occasion of levying this new impost arose out of the commotions raised by hamans conspiracy. Myrtle branches are carried in procession during the feast of booths. Esther 10 commentary james burton coffman commentaries.

Esther bible story summary what christians want to know. And every day mordecai paced in front of the court of the womens quarters, to learn of esthers welfare and what was happening to her. However, the omitted verses 119 from chapter 9 also describes the jews. King xerxes imposed tribute throughout the empire, to its distant shores. Esther questions and answers all chapters new king james. Esther was taken under duress, kicking and screaming. You will immediately notice that the book of esther reads almost as a. Bible studies in the book of esther esther chapter 8. And the king said again unto esther on the second day at the banquet of wine, what is thy petition, queen esther. Encyclopedia of jewish and israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from antisemitism to zionism. For the rest of it, king xerxes extensive accomplishments, along with a detailed account of the brilliance of mordecai, whom the king had promoted, thats all written in the chronicles of the kings of media and persia 3 mordecai the jew ranked second in command to king xerxes. Esther eventually finds herself as part of the kings harem, hiding her jewish identity in order. It portrays a chapter in the life of a jewish woman who endured great hardship, yet ultimately turned a catastrophic situation for herself and her people into an astounding story of personal growth and national salvation. In jewish tradition, the book of esther, megillat ester, the scroll of.

In fact, god is not directly mentioned by name in the book of esther. The book of esther is a story, and these brief passages from chapters. And thus, by the destruction of the plotter, a good step was taken. Esther with book summary versebyverse bible commentary. It belongs to the third section of the judaic canon, known as the ketuvim, or writings. Verses 14 so the king and haman came to banquet with esther the queen. Commentary for esther 10 greatness of ahasuerusmordecais advancement. The book of esther begins with the queen of king ahasuerusvashtisnubbing the kings request to meet with her.

And all his acts of power and might, together with a full account of the greatness of mordecai, whom the king had promoted, are they not written in the book of the annals of. The book of esther, also known in hebrew as the scroll megillah, is a book in the third. Listen to this description in the five megilloth, a jewish commentary published by the soncino press. At that point, he stepped down from his governmental position and became highly. Clark, 1908 186, was one of the first to regard vv. It is possible that esther was hadassahs throne name, but this is unsubstantiated. He was next to king ahasuerus until darius, son of esther and ahasuerus, allowed the rebuilding of the beit hamikdash. He did not bid her deny her country, nor tell a lie to conceal her parentage. Many instances of the grandeur of ahasuerus might have been given. In ii maccabees the feast of purim is known as the feast of mordecai cf. Megillat esther the book of esther, compiled by rabbi yosef marcus.

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